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the theological and compositional unity of the complex text of the Pentateuch which tends to support the position of a single author/unity of authorship; 3. Downers Grove: Inter-Varsity Press.1992 The Book of Leviticus.
the implication that Moses' training in the educational system of Pharaoh in Egypt would have prepared him for this great literary task; and 4.
Before developing a synthesis of the individual books of the Pentateuch, it is helpful to consider issues pertaining to its authorship, author, chronology of events and dating of composition, theological emphases, and covenant forms which dominate the compositional structure of the text from Exodus through Deuteronomy.
Much has been written on an introduction to the Pentateuch, and the topics considered here are discussed in detail in other works, some of which are cited in the text and referenced in the bibliography.
the fact that the involvement of Moses as the principle human protagonist in the record of Israel’s deliverance, desert experiences, and its birth as a nation in covenant–relationship with Yahweh, makes him the logical choice for not only the recording of those events, but, more importantly, as the author of the theological message forged from those events.
Points 3 and 4 require no supportive argument; they are reasonable logical assumptions.
Nevertheless it is helpful to present in brief a case for Mosaic authorship.
statements concerning the writing activity of Moses as found in the Pentateuch itself, as found in the rest of the OT, and as found in the NT; 2.
A reading of the Old Testament, however, gives the impression that the Pentateuch was written by Moses.
Add to this the testimony of the New Testament, and considerations of the Pentateuch's unity of composition, a case can be made for Mosaic authorship of the first five books of the Old Testament.
Instead it is claimed that certain ancient sources, labeled J, E, P, and D, were the original documents from which the Pentateuch was formed, and that the writers of these alleged documents, the so-called Yahwist, Elohist, Priestly Code writer, and the Deuteronomist, are regarded as the true authors of the Pentateuch.
(See, Archer 19-108, and Wolf 19-70, for a detailed discussion of the documentary hypothesis of the Pentateuch.) While the issue of authorship is minimally important in the process of understanding the Pentateuch, the issue of the text’s unity of composition is important in order to develop a synthesis of the text.The bibliography for the Introduction to the Pentateuch, as well as for Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy is presented at the end of this article.